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Cardiovascular

The term cardiovascular refers to the heart (cardio) and the blood vessels (vascular). The cardiovascular system includes:

  • Arteries
  • Arterioles
  • Capillaries
  • Heart
  • Venules

References

Taber's Medical Dictionary Online website. www.tabers.com/tabersonline. Accessed March 7, 2019.

    • Heart - section through the middle

      Heart - section through the middle - illustration

      The interior of the heart is composed of valves, chambers, and associated vessels.

      Heart - section through the middle

      illustration

    • Heart - front view

      Heart - front view - illustration

      The external structures of the heart include the ventricles, atria, arteries and veins. Arteries carry blood away from the heart while veins carry blood into the heart. The vessels colored blue indicate the transport of blood with relatively low content of oxygen and high content of carbon dioxide. The vessels colored red indicate the transport of blood with relatively high content of oxygen and low content of carbon dioxide.

      Heart - front view

      illustration

      • Heart - section through the middle

        Heart - section through the middle - illustration

        The interior of the heart is composed of valves, chambers, and associated vessels.

        Heart - section through the middle

        illustration

      • Heart - front view

        Heart - front view - illustration

        The external structures of the heart include the ventricles, atria, arteries and veins. Arteries carry blood away from the heart while veins carry blood into the heart. The vessels colored blue indicate the transport of blood with relatively low content of oxygen and high content of carbon dioxide. The vessels colored red indicate the transport of blood with relatively high content of oxygen and low content of carbon dioxide.

        Heart - front view

        illustration

      Review Date: 2/7/2019

      Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

      The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., a business unit of Ebix, Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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