Nail abnormalitiesBeau lines; Fingernail abnormalities; Spoon nails; Onycholysis; Leukonychia; Koilonychia; Brittle nails
Nail abnormalities are problems with the color, shape, texture, or thickness of the fingernails or toenails.
American Academy of Dermatology website. 12 nail changes a dermatologist should examine. www.aad.org/nail-care-secrets/nail-changes-dermatologist-should-examine. Accessed December 23, 2019.
Andre J, Sass U, Theunis A. Diseases of the nails. In: Calonje E, Brenn T, Lazar AJ, Billings SD, eds. McKee's Pathology of the Skin with Clinical Correlations. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 23.
Tosti A. Diseases of hair and nails. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 442.