Esophageal cancerCancer - esophagus
Esophageal cancer is cancer that starts in the esophagus. This is the tube through which food moves from the mouth to the stomach.
Ku GY, Ilson DH. Cancer of the esophagus. In: Niederhuber JE, Armitage JO, Kastan MB, Doroshow JH, Tepper JE, eds. Abeloff's Clinical Oncology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 71.
National Cancer Institute website. Esophageal cancer treatment (PDQ) - health professional version. www.cancer.gov/types/esophageal/hp/esophageal-treatment-pdq. Updated November 12, 2019. Accessed December 5, 2019.
National Comprehensive Cancer Network website. NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology (NCCN guidelines): esophageal and esophagogastric junction cancers. Version 2.2019. www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/esophageal.pdf. Updated May 29, 2019. Accessed September 4, 2019.