Counting carbohydratesCarb counting; Carbohydrate-controlled diet; Diabetic diet; Diabetes-counting carbohydrates
Many foods contain carbohydrates (carbs), including:
- Fruit and fruit juice
- Cereal, bread, pasta, and rice
- Milk and milk products, soy milk
- Beans, legumes, and lentils
- Starchy vegetables like potatoes and corn
- Sweets like cookies, candy, cake, jam and jelly, honey, and other foods that contain added sugar
- Snack foods like chips and crackers
Your body quickly turns carbohydrates into a sugar called glucose. This raises your blood sugar, or blood glucose level.
Most foods that contain carbohydrates are nutritious and are an important part of a healthy diet. The goal is not to limit carbohydrates in the diet completely, but to make sure that you are not eating too many. Eating a regular amount of carbohydrates throughout the day can help keep your blood sugar level steady.
People with diabetes can better control their blood sugar if they count how many carbohydrates they eat. People with diabetes who take insulin can use carb counting to help them determine the exact dose of insulin they need at meals.
Your dietitian will teach you a technique called "carb counting."
American Diabetes Association website. Get smart on carb counting. www.diabetes.org/nutrition/understanding-carbs/carb-counting. Accessed August 13, 2019.
Dungan KM. Management of type 2 diabetes. In: Jameson JL, De Groot LJ, de Kretser DM, et al, eds. Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 48.
Evert AB, Boucher JL, Cypress M, et al. Nutrition therapy recommendations for the management of adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2014;37 Suppl 1:S120-S143. PMID: 24357208 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24357208.