Minor burns - aftercarePartial thickness burns - aftercare; Minor burns - self-care
You can care for minor burns at home with simple first aid. There are different levels of burns.
First-degree burns are only on the top layer of the skin. The skin can:
- Turn red
- Be painful
Second-degree burns go one layer deeper than first-degree burns. The skin will:
- Turn red
- Usually swell
- Usually be painful
Treat a burn like a major burn (call your doctor) if it is:
- From a fire, an electrical wire or socket, or chemicals
- Larger than 2 inches (5 centimeters)
- On the hand, foot, face, groin, buttocks, hip, knee, ankle, shoulder, elbow, or wrist
Mazzeo AS. Burn care procedures. In: Roberts JR, Custalow CB, Thomsen TW, eds. Roberts and Hedges' Clinical Procedures in Emergency Medicine and Acute Care. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 38.
Singer AJ, Lee CC. Thermal burns. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 56.